All scriptures are written with the assumption that the readers already know who Melchizedek was (or is).

After his return from the defeat of Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, ... Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. (He was priest of God Most High.) -- Genesis 14:17 (ESV)

We have this as a sure and steadfast anchor of the soul, a hope that enters into the inner place behind the curtain, where Jesus has gone as a forerunner on our behalf, having become a high priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.

For this Melchizedek,

  • king of Salem,
  • priest of the Most High God,
  • met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, and to him Abraham apportioned a tenth part of everything.
  • He is first, by translation of his name, king of righteousness, and
  • then he is also king of Salem, that is, king of peace.
  • He is without father or mother tor genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but resembling the Son of God he continues a priest forever.

See how great this man was to whom Abraham the patriarch gave a tenth of the spoils! And those descendants of Levi who receive the priestly office have a commandment in the law to take tithes from the people, that is, from their brothers, though these also are descended from Abraham. But this man who does not have his descent from them received tithes from Abraham and blessed him who had the promises. It is beyond dispute that the inferior is blessed by the superior. In the one case tithes are received by mortal men, but in the other case, by one of whom it is testified that he lives. One might even say that Levi himself, who receives tithes, paid tithes through Abraham, for he was still in the loins of his ancestor when Melchizedek met him.

Now if perfection had been attainable through the Levitical priesthood (for under it the people received the law), what further need would there have been for another priest to arise after the order of Melchizedek, rather than one named after the order of Aaron? For when there is a change in the priesthood, there is necessarily a change in the law as well. For the one of whom these things are spoken belonged to another tribe, from which no one has ever served at the altar. For it is evident that our Lord was descended from Judah, and in connection with that tribe Moses said nothing about priests.

This becomes even more evident when another priest arises in the likeness of Melchizedek, who has become a priest, not on the basis of a legal requirement concerning bodily descent, but by the power of an indestructible life. For it is witnessed of him,

“You are a priest forever, after the order of Melchizedek.” (Psalm 110:4)

For on the one hand, a former commandment is set aside because of its weakness and uselessness (for the law made nothing perfect); but on the other hand, fa better hope is introduced, through which we draw near to God.

And it was not without an oath. For those who formerly became priests were made such without an oath, but this one was made a priest with an oath by the one who said to him:

“The Lord has sworn and will not change his mind, ‘You are a priest forever.’” (Psalm 110:4)

This makes Jesus the guarantor of ia better covenant.

The former priests were many in number, because they were prevented by death from continuing in office, but he holds his priesthood permanently, because he continues forever. Consequently, he is able to save to the uttermost those who draw near to God through him, since he always lives mto make intercession for them.

For it was indeed fitting that we should have such a high priest, holy, innocent, unstained, separated from sinners, and exalted above the heavens. He has no need, like those high priests, to offer sacrifices daily, first for his own sins and then for those of the people, since he did this once for all when he offered up himself. For the law appoints men sin their weakness as high priests, but the word of the oath, which came later than the law, appoints a Son who has been made perfect forever. -- Hebrews 6:19-7:28 (ESV)

From this limited information we can conclude that Melchizedek was:

  • King of Salem
  • Priest of God Most High
  • He meet Abraham during his lifetime and received 10% of the spoils from him
  • Christ is a priest after the order of Melchizedek
  • Melchizedek had no parents (unless Paul meant they were only unknown)
  • Melchizedek was made like the Son of God (possibly confirming that he was a god-like being)
  • Melchizedek is an eternal priest (possibly also confirming that he was a god-like being)
  • Melchizedek lives forever (possibly also confirming that he was a god-like being)


  • The name Melchizedek means "king of righteousness"
  • The name King of Salem means "king of peace"
Theory Critique
Melchizedek is Christ How did Melchizedek became the king of Salem if Christ was only born in Mary's lifetime? Why would Paul compare Christ with Melchizedek if they are the same person?
Melchizedek was an ordinary priest who also happen to serve the God Most High during Abraham's lifetime Why would he be so important that even the Christ was a priest after the order of Melchizedek and not the other way around? Did Paul stated that Melchizedek had god-like attributes?

Another possible theory could be that Melchizedek was made like Christ (Hebrew 7:3), a "god-like being" (like an angel) as a (temporary?) high priest, until Christ would become the new eternal high priest.

However, with this theory we need to be careful, because multiple scriptures confirm that Jesus was God's only begotten son, but nothing stops Melchizedek to appear like an angel to Abraham without being born like Jesus.